For seaports a good accessibility is of crucial importance.
That applies first and foremost to the ships. They must be able to reach and leave the ports easily, and ships with a considerable depth must be able to go to the docks to load and unload. Amsterdam is, via IJmuiden, easily accessible, though the capacity at the locks is an increasing problem. Preparations for the construction of a new sea lock are in full swing.
But also inland waterways, rail and road are important modalities. After all the goods arriving in the port for the most part have a destination outside the port area itself: further in the Netherlands, but also further in Europe. Amsterdam is one of Europe's gates, indispensable to transport goods from Asia, Africa and America to the Netherlands and other European countries. The port therefore is not only important for Amsterdam, as a source of employment and income, but also for the rest of the Netherlands and Europe.
What are the goals for 2020?
Port of Amsterdam stated in 'a smart port, vision 2008-2020' the following goals for 2020
- By 2016, a new sea lock in IJmuiden must be operational.
- For all modalities - road, water and rail - the accessibility of the port is so excellent that the cargo can be transported smoothly, safely, sustainable and competitive.
To encourage sustainable mobility, Port of Amsterdam is working on a shift of the transport from road to rail and water.
The target for 2020 (compared to 2006):
- road transport down from 53% to 45%
- water transport up from 43% to 49%
- rail transport up from 4% to 6%